Babies For Parents

4 ways to keep baby comfortable during bottle feeding

Newborn babies are soft and fragile, and it does take a bit of skill to handle them properly.

It is not uncommon to see first-time parents at a loss as to how to carry, bathe and feed their newborn baby properly. New parents, check this bottle feeding guide to see which teat to choose for your baby!

As newborns have poor neck control, their heads will likely flop backward or forward if left unsupported. It is dangerous to carry a newborn baby without supporting its neck. When carrying a baby, be sure that their necks and bottoms are supported all the time.

Apart from keeping baby comfortable, there is one other thing to take note of. When bottle feeding, ensure that your baby’s head is higher than his or her feet, as babies who are bottle fed while lying down have a higher risk of middle ear infections.

  1. Prop up with pillows

Specially designed feeding pillows for babies have an indent where your baby can nestle in comfortably during feeding times. If so, there’s no need to cradle your baby and all you have to do is to hold up her bottle.

An alternative is to use existing pillows you have at home to support your baby’s back. This position is more suitable for slightly older babies, preferably those with strong neck support and can sit upright by themselves.

After your baby turns six months old, if you wish to start mixed feeding, you can consider Einmilk Stage 2 Follow-up Formula Milk which can be purchased at online stores and supermarkets in Singapore.

Einmilk follow-on formula milk is a complete source of nutrition for babies six months and above.

  1. Cradle them
    Rest your baby’s head in the crook of your arm and use the same hand to support your baby’s bum. Lift that arm so your baby is in a semi-upright position and feed your baby with your other arm. This position is most suitable for newborns.
  2. Place them in your lap

Cradling your infant for extended periods of time may cause your arms to turn sore. This position helps you rest your arm. To do this position, start by sitting down crossed legged and lay your infant horizontally across your lap with their bum in between your legs. By doing so, your infant naturally assumes a position where their head is above their feet.

Special position for colicky babies and babies with acid reflux

  1. Sit them up

Babies suffering from colic or gas will benefit from a mostly upright position. Start by placing your baby seated on your lap and resting his head on your chest or nook of your arm. Tilt the bottle so that the entire teat is filled.

Bottle-feeding tips – keep your newborn propped at an incline where his head is higher than his feet

Using a bottle means that the bottle parts and teats should be kept clean and hygienic. Babies who are born premature have weaker immune systems and sterilising bottles is necessary to prevent bacterial infections. Here’s how to wash and care for your baby’s bottles.

Tell us which is your favourite position for bottle feeding your baby! Is there a special position that’s not listed here?

Babies Family Fun Toddlers

6 tips for preparing for your newborn’s first photoshoot

Newborn photography aims to capture the innocent image of newborn babies, that’s why most newborn photo shoots are done when the infant is between 5 to 14 days of age. Within the first 14 days, the baby can be easily positioned for various poses, such in a cocoon or with their hands propped underneath their heads.


In Singapore, there are many professional photography studios and photographers providing this service. You can either bring your newborn to the studio, or opt for the photographer to come over to your house for the photoshoot session. Before that, here are some tips which may help you when preparing for your baby’s very first photoshoot!


  1. Search for interesting concepts

Whether you’re intending to have the photoshoot done by a professional photographer at home or at a studio, if there is a concept or style that you prefer, you can communicate your thoughts to your photographer to see how to achieve that effect.

  1. Prepare photoshoot outfits and props
    Items that are meaningful to you can be used in the photoshoot. For example, a couple who struggled with IVF treatments posed their baby in the middle of all 1,616 needles that were used in the conception journey.

Popular photoshoot items include ultrasound scan photos, pregnancy test sticks, baby’s first outfit and name boards.


A professional photography studio will have props and backdrops to create beautiful newborn photographs.

  1. Prioritise safety
    Mimicking an Anne Geddes shot? If you’re doing your photoshoot yourself, its best not to manipulate your baby into fancy contortions seen online. Professional newborn photographers have the know-how on how to pose babies in a safe manner. Some photographers use a box or pillow below the babies for support that is cleverly edited away post-photography.
  2. Hands and feet
    A little hand gripping on tightly onto dad’s or mom’s finger shows how tiny infants are and this pose captures the stark contrast in size, making for a beautiful photo. Closed-up photographs of your newborn’s little toes, feet, pouty lips make beautifully memorable shots too.
  3. Be mindful of baby’s schedule
    Though newborns below two weeks old sleep most of their day away, their stomachs have to feed at an interval of two to three hours. Scheduling your baby’s photoshoot to be right after a feed provides ample time for the photoshoot to proceed with little disruption.


Bottle-feeding parents can use this handy checklist to pack their diaper bags, and mums who are breastfeeding may find this list useful.


  1. Enjoy!

Ultimately, the purpose of this photoshoot is to document your baby’s first stage of life as a newborn. Don’t fret too much over the small details, and leave it to the professionals if it gets too overwhelming. Relax, smile and capture those beautiful memories!


Baby sleeping? No problem! The beauty of newborn photography makes is both memorable and challenging when snapping photos of an infant.


Did you have a newborn photo shoot for your little one? What was the most eventful moment? Share it with us in the comments!


Breastfeeding mums, avoid these milk killers!

Milk killers are the opposite of milk boosters. Instead of increasing milk supply, these foods do the opposite and cause a drop in milk supply.


If you are a breastfeeding mum who is not intending to wean your baby yet, it is best to avoid the listed foods if they have been shown to cause a decrease in milk supply for you.


Our bodies are different, so what may be a milk killer for one mum may not affect you adversely; it may even boost your milk supply!


Unless you have a prior medical condition or allergies, there are no dietary restrictions for breastfeeding mums. However, consuming a balanced diet with nutritious foods similar to what is recommended for pregnant women is ideal.


Foods that affect breast milk supply


  • Cabbage

At the top of our list is cabbage. Cabbage has been used by mothers to relieve breast engorgement and reduce breast milk supply since centuries ago. This is done by placing chilled cabbage leaves onto the breast for 20 minutes thrice a day.


There are some mums who report that cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, brussels sprouts and cauliflower cause gassiness in their babies, but this has been proven to be a myth. However, it is wise to monitor any possible effects on your baby when you consume a new food, or food that are high allergens.



Cabbage is a milk killer for many breastfeeding mums.


  • Peppermint

Peppermint tea and candies consumed in large quantities have been said to reduce milk supply in lactating mothers. A candy or two should not cause much impact to your supply, but do monitor as some breastfeeding mums may be more sensitive to certain ingredients than others.


  • Caffeine

Water is required to produce breast milk. Caffeine has a known diuretic effect, which means that they increase the need to urinate. Therefore, this could result in a drop in supply. Moreover, the caffeine levels in breast milk peaks about 60 minutes to 2 hours after consumption. Limiting your caffeine intake to less than 300mg is recommended, and remember to hydrate yourselves adequately, nursing mums!


  • Alcohol

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, not drinking alcohol at all is the safest option for both mother and baby. Moderate alcohol consumption (one drink per day) has not been shown to be especially harmful to the infant if the mother waits for at least two hours before nursing. Infant development, sleep patterns and growth could be affected if alcohol is consumed excessively.


In addition, mothers who consume alcohol excessively could have impaired judgement and a decreased ability to properly care for the infant.


  • Ginseng

Ginseng is a traditional chinese medicinal herb that mothers should be cautious about consuming when lactating as it may have estrogenic effects that could affect the quantity and quality of milk. There are many varieties of ginseng with various properties, so proper advice from medical professionals should be sought before consumption.



Direct latching is an efficient way to clear the breast and stimulate it to create more milk when you are breastfeeding your child.


How to tell if foods eaten have affected breast milk supply


If you are currently doing exclusive pumping, it should be easy to tell when your pump volume is significantly less than the usual amount collected due to the markings on the bottle or breastmilk bag.


If you are a direct latching mum, it is not possible to measure how much your baby takes in when nursing. However, if you notice fewer letdowns and that your breast is less full, it could be a sign that the food you have consumed has affected your supply.


If you are mixed feeding, do note that less frequent latching or pumping sessions are likely to affect breast milk supply, as breasts produce more milk when emptied often.


Other reasons unrelated to food intake could also be the result of a dip in breast milk supply.


The good news is that it is only temporary and the effect can be reversed by consuming more foods that are reported to improve milk supply as well as drinking enough water and having adequate sleep.


Breastfeeding mummies, do you know what type of food is a definite milk killer for you? Share your story with us!

For Parents Pregnant

Pregnancy Week 13 – 16: The Start of Second Trimester

Of the three trimesters, the second trimester is said to be the most comfortable and easiest as most nasty symptoms such as nausea and fatigue begin to ease off.

If that doesn’t happen to you, unfortunately you could be one of the few women whose symptoms continue through the fourth and fifth months, or even until delivery.

Let’s see what lies ahead in the second trimester!

The second trimester is when most pregnancy symptoms from the first trimester disappear and the pregnancy is considered stable.

Week 13: Peach

At around the 13th week of pregnancy, your baby’s intestines and vocal cords are developing. From a space in the umbilical cord, the intestines are now making their way into the abdomen. At this young developing stage, some foetuses can even bring their thumb to their mouths!

In the second trimester, you may experience an increase in sex drive and we encourage you to embrace it – sex is a healthy way for couples to maintain intimacy and bond and it will not harm the foetus which is safe in the womb.

To support your growing placenta and foetus, it is imperative that you tweak your diet to include essential nutrients for pregnant mothers. Including more colours in your meal is one way to absorb a wide variety of nutrients.

Week 14: Lemon

 By around week 14, your baby’s intestines start to produce meconium, the black, sticky substance that will be your baby’s first poo. Baby’s digestive system is beginning to develop as well.

Hair starts to sprout on your baby’s body. His or her body will be covered with lanugo, a coating of hair that provides warmth to your baby. This lanugo will shed over time as your baby accumulates fat that will take over this function. Some babies, especially premature ones, are delivered with lanugo that will disappear soon after birth.

At week 14, the baby bump won’t be too big that it obstructs physical activity. In fact, with the increased energy, you can safely continue whatever exercise that you used to do before pregnancy. You could also start some simple exercises at home to stay fit and active even when you are pregnant. Just be sure not to overexert yourself. Your immune system will be weakened as your body does so to prevent your foetus from being rejected by your body. Be sure to load up on vitamins and maintain proper hygiene.

Keeping yourself active during pregnancy helps to increase blood flow and keeps you active with your baby bump

Week 15: Apple

 A foetus at week 15 looks a lot like an actual baby rather than an embryo. Your baby’s ears are now at the sides and the eyes are gradually moving towards the centre. While you might not be able to feel it yet, your foetus is busy practising for life in the world after birth. Your baby is working on the required skills in the comfy confines of your womb, such as breathing, sucking and swallowing, kicking and moving about.

For yourself, the disappearance of morning sickness and increased appetite could result in heartburn or indigestion, which is what happens when too much food is consumed at one time. If this happens to you, try having smaller, frequent snacks about five to six times a day instead of three large meals. This could alleviate pregnancy heartburn.

Do you find yourself becoming more and more forgetful? Thanks to “pregnancy brain”, the loss of brain cells during pregnancy which makes you forget details. Make use of your smartphone to record important information and alerts.

Week 16: Avocado

By week 16, your gynaecologist should be able to distinguish your baby’s gender, but depending on who your gynaecologist is, you may not be able to know until the 22nd week scan, unless you’ve taken the Harmony test in the first trimester.

At 16 weeks, you could be experiencing backaches, larger breasts, constipation and dry or itchy eyes. There is one positive symptom though – your skin starts glowing, and that’s the “pregnancy glow” that everyone talks about!

The tiny bones in your foetus’s ears have started to form and this is when your foetus can hear your voice from inside the womb. Studies have shown that babies after birth recognise sounds and songs that were sung to them in the womb!

What were some of the pregnancy symptoms you encountered during weeks 13 to 16? Let us know in the comments!